For thousands of years acupuncture has been used to re-balance the total energy system of animals’ bodies, Qi, by placing tiny needles into the body at specific locations along meridians or channels to relieve pain, restore normal body functions and facilitate health and healing. It effectively treats many varied conditions such as arthritis, disc disease, musculoskeletal pain, nerve pain and paralysis, kidney failure, liver failure, cancer, heart disease, diarrhea, vomiting, and seizures to name a few. Acupuncture can stimulate a pet’s appetite so that food therapy can also be used to help treat a condition, or it can calm a patient who has anxiety issues. Acupuncture is able to treat many conditions because Qi travels along meridians (pathways) throughout the body where it affects organs, muscles, joints, and all systems of the body, including the nervous and immune systems. In short, acupuncture relieves pain, reduces inflammation and restores homeostasis within the body.


Frequently Asked Questions

What is acupuncture?
Acupuncture usually involves the insertion of thin sterile needles into discrete and specific points on the body called “Shu-xue” or acupoints, in order to cause a therapeutic effect, but may include other methods such as laser acupuncture or moxibustion. Acupuncture techniques are used to get the energy in the body, Qi, to flow smoothly.


Is acupuncture safe?
        Yes. Acupuncture is a very safe medical procedure when administered by a qualified practitioner. Very few negative effects have been found in clinical cases.  Acupuncture should be used with caution in cases involving pregnancy, open wounds, tumors and fractures.


 Does acupuncture hurt?
        Rarely. Acupuncture is not painful because acupuncture points are stimulated using very fine needles, almost as thin as a hair. Over 95% of patients are comfortable with acupuncture therapy. Due to the relaxation effect, some animals will fall asleep during acupuncture treatments. In gneneral, sedation is not needed before an acupuncture treatment.


How long does a treatment take?
        Each treatment session can take about 20-45 minutes.


How soon can we expect results?
        Some results can be seen immediately but others will require several treatments. Generally, a minimum of three to five treatments 1-2 weeks apart for chronic conditions are needed before one can expect notable improvement. Remember, many conditions seen did not happen over night, and many usually have multiple symptoms before the condition was even noticed.


How many treatments are needed?
        As in all medicine, this depends on the situation. Treatments can be done daily, weekly, monthly or even further apart depending on the severity and chronicity of the condition. Prevention is key so starting acupuncture treatments when the animal is young for preventative health purposes once every two to six months is wonderful to help maintain good quality life force with no Qi blockages.


What physiological effects are induced by acupuncture?
        Studies have shown that acupuncture stimulation induces the following physiological effects:
                pain relief
                promotion of tissue healing processes
                anit-inflammatory effects
                anti-febrile effects
                regulation of gastrointestinal motility
                hormone and reproductive regulation


When is acupuncture recommended?
        Clinical trials indicate that acupuncture therapy can be effective in the following conditions:
Neurological disorders: seizures, intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), laryngeal hemiplegia, facial and radial nerve paralysis
Gastrointestinal disorders: diarrhea, gastric ulcers, colic, vomiting, constipation, impactions
Musculoskeletal problems: muscle soreness, back pain, osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease
Chronic conditions: skin problems, heaves, asthma, cough, uveitis, renal failure, chronic liver diseases, behavioral problems, infertility, Cushing’s disease,             hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, geriatric weakness, anidrosis
Other: quality of life, cancer, hospice care, performance enhancement and the prevention of disease


What is the history of acupuncture?
        Acupuncture has been practiced in both animals and humans for thousands of years in China. The earliest veterinary acupuncture book, “Bo Le Zhen Jing,” is believed to have been written by Dr. Bo Le in the Qin-mu-gong period (659 BCE to 621 BCE). Veterinary treatment protocols using acupuncture are well-documented in this book. Since that time, acupuncture has been a part of veterinary medical system in China.


What is Qi?
        Qi (pronounced “chee”) is life force or vital energy. There are two contrasting forms of Qi: Yin and Yang. Yin energy tends to be cool, dark, still and moving downward, while Yang energy is warm, light, mobile, expanding and moving upward. Physiologically, Qi flows throughout the body all the time, maintaining balance of Yin and Yang. When the flow of Qi is interrupted by any pathological factor (such as a viral or bacterial infection), the balance of Yin and Yang will be disrupted and consequently, a disease may occur. Pain is seen as a blockage of Qi flow. Acupuncture stimulation resolves this blockage, freeing the flow of Qi and enabling the body to heal itself. Homeostasis is restored when Yin and Yang Qi are in balance.


What is a Channel/Meridian?
        A channel or meridian is where Qi flows inside the body. The most commonly used acupuncture points are located along the 12 Regular Channels and 8 Extraordinary Channels mapped out in the body.


Is there any scientific evidence on how acupuncture works?
        Modern research shows that acupoints are located in the areas where there is a high density of free nerve endings, mast cells, small arterioles, and lymphatic vessels. Most acupoints are motor points. A great number of studies indicate that the stimulation of acupoints induce the release of beta-endorphins, serotonin and other neurotransmitters. The US National Institute of Health’s National Library of Medicine ( has over 25,000 research papers regarding acupuncture and over 400 are animal specific.


Who is qualified to perform veterinary acupuncture?
        Only licensed veterinarians are qualified to practice veterinary acupuncture.


Why is acupuncture frequently combined with herbs?
        Many acupuncturists choose to combine acupuncture with herbal medicine because the use of herbs enhances the effectiveness of acupuncture.  Most Chinese herbal medicines are made up of four to 15 individual herbs. Formulas are designed to correct the imbalances predisposing or causing disease, treat the condition, not just a single symptom. Cases where a patient can be understood from a TCM perspective, Chinese herbal medicine can be integrated seamlessly with acupuncture to perpetuate the energetic stimulus provided through the acupuncture treatment.


What is Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM)?
        Traditional Chinese Medicine focuses on the natural energy balance of the body, Qi (pronounced “chee”), and its smooth flow within the body. All of the functions of the body can be described in terms of its Qi as it is translated as natural energy, life force, and energy flow. Each aspect of the body can have too much, an excess or too little, a deficiency. When the energy flow gets stuck or the amount is insufficient, symptoms are observed. Disease is seen as an imbalance significant enough to overwhelm the body and result in physical and emotional symptoms. Symptoms are created when the body is trying to re-establish a normal flow of Qi. The goal of Traditional Chinese Medicine treatments is to help the body re-establish the normal amount and flow of Qi to optimize body functions. Traditional Chinese Medical treatments consists of nutrition, exercise, acupuncture, and herbs and can be beneficial in the treatment of many ailments. Once energy is strengthened and balance is restored to the body via TCM, the body’s natural healing processes can take over. TCM, has been used for over two thousand years, to balance Qi in the body. 

Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) has four main components:
                herbal medicine
                food therapy
                Tui-na (medical manipulation)


Does TCVM include any specific foods?
       The diet of an animal is very important and can have positive or negative effects. Dietary changes have had positive effects on many behavior and skin conditions. TCVM has long recognized the importance of food therapy in the treatment and prevention of illnesses. Recommendations to implement a special food or eliminate a certain food that an animal is currently being fed is not uncommon.


What is Tui-na?
        Tui-na is a form of Chinese manipulative therapy. It is often used in conjunction with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. From a conventional medicine prespective, Tui-na can be thought of as corresponding to a combination of acupressure, conventional massage and chiropractic techniques. It can be used to treat both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, as well as many non-musculoskeletal conditions.